Summer 1968 // Volume 6 // Number 2

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Point of View

Point of View(pdf)
Other Views on Agent Qualifications, G.L. Carter, Jr.
Jack McCall
Richard L. Cass
Mary Marshal
Don Bailey
Bill Young
Jim Freeman

Workshop Scheduled - Miss Phyllis Cunningham

Feature Articles

Peer Activities of Preadolescents (pdf)
George P. Rowe
Studies have been made of peer activities and relationships of teenagers, but there is little research on the interpersonal and group patterns of preadolescents (9 to 13 years of age). In this study of Missouri youth, the author investigates the type of peer activities the preadolescent engages in, the relative frequency of his associations on both a group and individual basis, and his attitudes and behavior toward children of the same and opposite sex. The conclusions have many implications for educators, for parents, and for leaders of preadolescent youth programs and organizations.

What Is an Attitude? (pdf)
Hugh M. Culbertson
As adult educators, we are interested in changing or reinforcing attitudes. But what do we really mean when we use the word "attitude"? And why do people sometimes appear to have a certain attitude, then behave in a different way? In this article, the supposedly simple notion of "attitude" is explored. The author discusses the reasons attitudes alone do not determine behavior, and what conditions must exist before attitude is a good predictor of behavior. He suggests that Extension educators might profitably look at some of these dimensions of attitude as they work with people in planning and carrying out programs.

Five Approaches to Community Resource Development (pdf)
Harry A. Cosgriffe
Extension personnel concerned with community resource development are often unclear as to its educational components, approaches and boundaries. Present definitions have not helped to make these educational elements visible. Here a typology (classification) is presented that describes five different types or approaches to community resource development. These types are represented as encompassing the several different ways in which Cooperative Extension is going about community resource development. This typology was developed from a study of published materials (progress reports and conference proceedings) and recent observations made in a number of states in which such work is being conducted.

On Being a Supervisor (pdf)
Royal Bank of Canada
There is more to the job of supervisor than the physical management of a daily work schedule. The intangible goal of obtaining top efficiency while maintaining pleasant work surroundings presents an exciting challenge. Factors creating this productive atmosphere are discussed in this article. If a supervisor combines good judgment, positive action, reason, and a sensitive knowledge of people in dealing with his employees, he can produce a staff that will do its best with enthusiasm for the organization.

Education or Information Giving? (pdf)
Russ A. Mahan, Stephan R. Bollman
Today's educator must increasingly go beyond presenting "just the facts." For the success of a teacher's educative attempt it is vital that he make sure his learner has understood the information given and can now put it to use. The authors feel the ability of the learner to apply knowledge is as necessary for the success of Extension programs as is the quality of the information presented. They deal with the question: How does an educator develop the sensitivity to accomplish this goal of learner-focused teaching?

In-Depth Teaching in Extension (pdf)
Arlen E. Lutz, Donald E. Frerichs, Susan S. Lewis
In an attempt to increase attendance and interest in Extension meetings, the Nebraska Extension Service tried an "in-depth" workshop or short course in the early 60's. Previous Extension efforts focused on presenting specific recommendations. This workshop emphasized the "why" (background information or underlying principles), in addition to presenting specific recommendations. Response was so favorable, the program was expanded. The authors discuss the evaluation of these in-depth workshops, with emphasis on (1) what kind of farmer attends, (2) how well this method satisfies the farmer's need, and (3) what guidelines the workshop study gives to Extension workers.

Research in Brief (pdf)
Mason E. Miller, editor

How Tough a Course? Depends on Who You're Teaching.
Key to Community Change.

Book Reviews (pdf)

Problems of Youth: A Social Problems Perspective. By Charles E. Ramsey, 1967. Available from Dickenson Publishing Company, Inc., Belmont, California 94002. 122 pp.
James A. Everts

Human Dilemmas of Leadership. By Abraham Zaleznik, 1966. Available from Harper & Row, Publishers, New York, N.Y. 10016. 230 pp. $5.95.
Doris Staidl

Communication and Organizational Behavior: Text and Cases (revised edition). By William V. Haney, 1967. Available from Richard D. Irwin, Inc., 1818 Ridge Road, Homewood, Illinois. 534 pp. $8.00.
J. Cordell Hatch

Abstracts (pdf)

Education and Social Change. Edmund J. King. 1966. 240 pp. Available from Perganmon Press, Inc., 122 East 15th St., New York, N.Y. 10022. $6.00 ($3.50 soft cover).

Public Administration. John M. Pfiffner and Robert Presthus. 1967 (fifth edition). 566 pp. Available from The Ronald Press Company, 15 East 26th St., New York, N.Y. 10010. $8.00.

Community Resource Development: Proceedings of the Second National Extension Workshop. William J. Kimball, coordinator. 1966. Available from Department of Resource Development, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48823. $2.50.

Behavioral Science Frontiers in Education. Edited by Eli M. Bower and William G. Hollister. 1967. 560 pp. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third Ave., New York, N.Y. 10016.$8.95.

Communications and Change in the Developing Countries. Edited by Daniel Lerner and Wilbur Schramm. 1967. 334 pp. Available from East-West Press, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822. $9.50.

The Sociology of Small Groups. Theodore M. Mills. 1967. 136 pp. Available from Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 07632. $4.50 ($1.95 paperback).

Adolescents and Morality. E. M. Eppel and M. Eppel. 1966. 254 pp. Available from Humanities Press, Inc., 303 Park Ave. South, New York, N.Y. 10010. $6.00.

Comparative Theories of Social Change. Edited by Hollis W. Peter. 1966. 374 pp. Available from Foundation for Research on Human Behavior. P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108. No price listed.

The Process of Management: Concepts, Behavior, and Practice. William H. Newman, Charles E. Summer, and E. Kirby Warren. 1967 (second edition). 788 pp. Available from Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 07632. $9.95.

Leadership Training for You. Daryl K. Heasley. 1966. Available from Correspondence Courses in Agriculture, 202 Agricultural Education Building, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802. $3.00.

Personality Development: Infancy through Early Adolescence. 1967. 46 pp. (mimeographed). Available from Department of Child Development and Family Relationships, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850. $0.50.

Humanizing Education: The Person in the Process. Edited by Robert R. Leeper. 1967. 124 pp. Available from Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, NEA, Washington, D.C. 20036. $2.25.

The Legal Base for Universities in Developing Countries. H. W. Hannah and Rovert R. Caughey. 1967. 456 pp. Available from the University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois. $10.00.

The Structure of Human Decisions. David W. Miller and Martin K. Starr. 1967. 180 pp. Available from Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 07632. $2.95.

The Disadvantaged Child. Martin Deutsch and Associates. 1967. 400 pp. Available from Basic Books, 404 Park Ave. South, New York, N.Y. 10016. $10.00.

The Changing Village Community. Joel M. Halpern. 1967. 136 pp. Available from Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 07632. $4.95 ($2.50 paperback).

Organizations: Theory and Classical Concepts. John G. Hutchinson. 1967. 178 pp. Available from Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., New York, N.Y. 10017. $2.95.

Interpersonal Styles and Group Development: An Analysis of the Number-Leader Relationship. Richard D. Mann, Graham S. Gibbard, and John J. Hartman. 1967. 308 pp. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, N.Y. 10016. $8.25.

Teaching for Thinking: Theory and Application. Louis E. Raths et al. 1967. 348 pp. Available from Charles E. Merrill Books, Inc., Columbus, Ohio 43216. $7.25.

An Early View of the Land-Grant Colleges. Edited by Richard A. Hatch. 1967. 148 pp. Available from the University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois. $5.50.

Concepts, Theory, and Explanation in the Behavioral Sciences. Edited by Gordon J. DiRenzo. 1966. 302 pp. Available from Random House, 501 Madison Ave., New York, N.Y. 10022. $4.95.

Thinking About Young People. John A. Brennan. 1967. 76 pp. Available from Pergamon Press, 122 East 55th St., New York, N.Y. 10022. $1.25.

Technology and Change. Donald A. Schon. 1967. 248 pp. Available from Delacorte Press, 750 Third Ave., New York, N.Y. 10017. $7.95.

Training in Industry: the Management of Learning. Bernard M. Bass and James A. Vaughan. 1966. 164 pp. Available from Wadsworth Publishing Co., Belmont, California. $2.60 ($1.95 paperback).

AAACE Communications Handbook. American Association of Agricultural College Editors. 1967. 148 pp. Available from Interstate Printers and Publishers, Inc., Danville, Illinois 61834. $4.50.

Values and Teaching: Working with Values in the Classroom. Louis E. Raths, Merril Harmin, and Sidney B. Simon. 1966. 276 pp. Available from Charles E. Merril Books, Inc., Columbus, Ohio 43216. $4.95 ($3.25 paperback).

The Concept of Education. Edited by R.S. Peters. 1967. 224 pp. Available from Humanities Press, Inc., 303 Fourth Ave., New York, N.Y. 10010. $6.00.

The Conference Planner: A Guide to Good Education Meetings. 1967. 72 pp. Available from National School Public Relations Association, NEA, Washington, D.C. 20036. $12.00.

Creativity Research and Its Implications for Adult Education. Jane C. Zahn. 1966. 34 pp. Available from Center for the Study of Liberal Education for Adults, 138 Mountfort St., Brookline, Massachusetts 02146. $1.25.

Issues in Family Economics. Proceedings of a National Conference. 1967. 156 pp. Available from American Home Economics Association, Washington, D.C. 20009. $2.00.

Creative Leadership. Harold Franklin Humbert. 1967. 208 pp. Available from Vantage Press, Inc., 120 W. 31st St., New York, N.Y. 10001. $3.95.