Winter 1965 // Volume 3 // Number 4

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About This Issue

Look Here First
The Editors

Feature Articles

The Critical Reader (pdf)
Edgar Dale
Critical reading involves evaluation and application of what is read; it requires vigorous, critical judgment.

Whither Goest the CES? (pdf)
T. J. Shannon, Clarence A. Schoenfeld
The time is seemingly at hand for agricultural extension to lend its skills and resources to a truly university-community-wide outreach.

A Critique of Evaluation (pdf)
Frank D. Alexander
Many Extension people who want their programs evaluated assume unconsciously that findings will be favorable.

Small Town Power Structure (pdf)
John B. Mitchell, Ralph W. Moore
A small number of influentials closely linked by informal and overlapping organizational membership could constitute a power structure in small communities.

Problems of Participation (pdf)
W. Keith Warner
There is no simple panacea for the widespread difficulties associated with member participation that afflict voluntary organization.

Provocative Thoughts on 4-H (pdf)
Echo Lidster
School achievement scores declined noticeably for those boys studied who stayed in 4-H the longest.

The Disadvantaged (pdf)
Irene Beavers
Poverty is a relative concept- there is no exact way of measuring the extent to which families are deprived.

Research in Brief (pdf) R. L. Bruce, editor

Aptitude Tests for County Agents
What Motivates Agents to Professional Development?
Can Audiences Be Urbanized?
Young Homemakers: What Are They Really Like?
Groups Vs. Individual Learning

Book Reviews (pdf)

The Community Development Process: The Rediscovery of Local Initiative. By William W. Biddle and Loureide J. Biddle, 1965. Available from Holt, Rinehart and Winston New York, N.Y. 334 pp. $5.50.
J. D. George

Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction. By Ralph W. Tyler, 1950. Available from the university of Chicago Press (Syllabus Division), Chicago, Illinois. 83 pp. $1.10 (paperbound).
Woodrow H. Sears, Jr.

Leaders, Groups, and Influence. By E. P. Hollander, 1964. Available from Oxford University Press, New York, N.Y. 256 pp. $5.00.
Runyan Deere

Psychological Backgrounds of Adult Education. Edited by Raymond G. Kuhlen, 1963. Available from The Center for the Study of Liberal Education for Adults, 138 Montford St., Brookline, Mass. 02146. 148 pp. $2.00.
Russell D. Robinson

Effective Public Relations. By Scott M. Cutlip and Allen H. Center, 1964. Available from Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 512 pp. $11.95.
Harold B. Swanson

Abstracts (pdf)

Is the Conference Method Your Method? Edward P. Coffey, Training Directors Journal, XVIII (February, 1964), 36-41. Available from ASTD Executive Director, 2020 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53705. Single copy $1.00.

Readings in Learning and Human Abilities: Educational Psychology. Richard E. Ripple (ed.). 1964. 596 pp. Available from Harper & Row, Publishers, New York, N.Y. $4.95.

Leadership and Productivity: Some Facts of Industrial Life. Rovert Dubin et al. 1965. 138 pp. Available from Chandler Publishing Company, San Francisco, California 94105. $1.75 (paperback).

Techniques of Leadership. J. Kenneth Wishart. 1965. 108 pp. Available from Vantage Press, Inc., New York, N.Y. $3.00.

Farmers' Institutes-a Selected Bibliography.Compiled by Thomas L. Riley. December, 1964. Available from William S. Griffith, Department of Education, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. No charge.

Psychological Characteristics Affecting Adult Learning. Jean B. Fay. Adult Leadership, XIII (December, 1964), 172, 190. Available from Adult Education Association of the U.S.A., 1225 19th St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036. $5.00 per year domestic.

The Meaning of Learning and the Learning of Meaning. Edward C. Weir. Phi Delta Kappa, XLVI (February, 1965), 280-84. Available from Phi Delta Kappan, Eighth Street and Union Avenue, Bloomington, Indiana. Single copy 60 cents.

Dealing with Controversial Issues. Mario L. Conde-Thillett. Adult Leadership, XIII (January, 1965), 207, 236. Available from Adult Education Association of the U.S.A., 1225 19th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036. $5.00 per year domestic.

A Philosophical View of Community Development as an Adult Education Function. Bertis L. Jones. Adult Leadership, XIII (February, 1965), 240-42, 263. Available from Adult Education Association of the U.S. A., 1225 19th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036. $5.00 per year domestic.

Reference Checking- Objectives and Techniques. Richard H. Magee. Personnel Journal, XLIII (November, 1964), 551-55. Available from Personnel Journal, 100 Park Ave., Swarthmore, Pa. Single copy 75 cents.

The "Effective" Executive: What Makes the Difference? George E. Spaulding, Jr. Management Review, LIII (November, 1964), 4-15. Available from American Management Association, 135 W. 50th St., New York, N.Y. 10020. Single copy $1.25.

Why Promotions Cause Trouble- and How to Avoid It. Jacobo A. Varela. Personnel, XLI (November/December, 1964), 17-21. Available from American Management Association, 135 W. 50th St., New York, N.Y. 10020. Single copy $1.75.

Work and Motivation. Victor H. Vroom. 1964. 332 pp. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Publishers, New York, N.Y. $6.95.

Youth and the Social Order. F. Musgrove. 1964. 168 pp. Available from Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana. $5.00.

Modern Public Administration. Felix A. Nigro. 1965. 532 pp. Available from Harper & Row, Publishers, New York, N.Y. $6.75.

Audiovisual Instruction. Robert E. de Kieffer. 1965. 118 pp. Available from the Center for Applied Research in Education, Inc., New York, N.Y. $3.95 plus postage.

Needs of Adolescent Youth. Merle T. Strom (ed.). 1963. 146 pp. Available from the Interstate Printers and Publishers, Inc., Danville, Ill. 61834. $3.00.

Structural Changes in Commercial Agriculture. CAED Report 24. 1965. 262 pp. Available from The Center for Agricultural and Economic Development, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. $2.75.