Fall 1970 // Volume 8 // Number 3

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Note: The articles in this issue are available only online in PDF format. To view them, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer. Acrobat Reader is available for free at http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep.html.

Editor's Page

Editor's Page (pdf)
Jerold W. Apps

Point of View

Point of View(pdf)

Improving the Journal
Laverne B. Forest
Public Affairs or Public Policy?
J. Paxton Marshall
Extension Reports--A One-Way Street
E. Blair Adams

Feature Articles

Extension--A Risk Taker in the Revolution (pdf)
Donald R. McNeil
We're in a revolution the author says. And, "...When occasions warrant, we should take a risk and pool our resources with those of vocational-technical institutes, high schools, private schools, outside industries, or arms of government to devise the best possible educational programs for all the people. While this concept is somewhat heretical, it's this kind of total commitment risk that colleges and universities must take if they're to help the forthcoming academic revolution." McNeil says extension needs money, support, commitment, and the will to take the risk. The time for chnage in extension is now, he says.

Cooperative Extension: A Historical Assessment (pdf)
Robert A. Carlson
Carlson has made a historical assessment of the Extension Service and determined that the early purposes of the organization were to increase agricultural production and maintain a rural way of life. But, Carlson concludes that Cooperative Extension has been unable to fulfill both goals, that indeed increasing agricultural production has led to the liquidation of a rural way of life and the development of corporate farms. The author uses the Congressional Record and other historical facts to support his conclusions.

Critique: History or Speculation? (pdf)
Harry A. Cosgriffe
Cosgriffe says that Carlson hasn't really written a historical assessment, but has raised some important issues that any educational institution should consider. Cosgriffe suggests that when using the historical approach there are pitfalls to avoid-- unclear definitions, overlooking fundamental causes, concluding without adequate data, going beyond evidence in making conclusions. He concludes that Carlson's article may stimulate Extension practitioners to be more sensitive about developing meaningful objectives and evaluating progress toward them.

Who are Extension Council Members? (pdf)
Wayne H. Oberle
The author explores county Extension coucils to determine if present councils are made up of people who can make decisions about broader, problem-solving based Extension programs. Oberle learned that many council members were recommended by associates or friends, a procedure that contributed to homogeneity in the councils. A homogeneous council, Oberle says, may make it difficult for council members to perceive problems of clientele with characteristics or attitudes that appear different from those of the council members.

Reaching the Alienated (pdf)
Gary Dickinson
Extension must have concern for the alienated farmer, the man who feels left out and turned off from the mainstream of society. According to Dickinson, this feeling of alienation prevents people from seeking assistance from agencies and individuals that might be able to help the alienated person. The author compares personal and interpersonal Extension contacts in his study of alienation. As might be predicted, those farmers with high alienation scores avoided personal contacts with Extension. Alienation was not a factor in the use of impersonal contacts.

Training Program Assistants (pdf)
V. Milton Boyce
Extension, as it employs increasing numbers of program assistants, must be concerned with training programs for these people. Boyce offers specific suggestions for pre-service and in-service training. He suggests subject-matter areas that should be included, and instructional approaches to be used. Before organizing training activities, the author suggests selection of program assistants be carefully considered, role and job description be defined, and relationship of the program assistant to professionals and community be determined.

Research in Brief (pdf)
Mason E. Miller, editor

Remember the Farm Wife-- It's Not All "Man" in Management
Incompatible Agents and Counties
Abstracts from ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult Education
Abstracts from ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Media and Rechnology

Book Reviews (pdf)

The McLuhan Explosion: A Casebook on Marshall McLuhan and Understanding Media. Harry H. Crosby and George R. Bond. New York, New York: American Book Company, 1968. 235 pp. No price given (paper).
John Ohliger

Supervision: A Synthesis of Thought and Action. 2nd ed. William H. Lucio and John D. McNeil. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1969. 329 pp. $8.50.
William A. Shimel

The Temporary Society. Warren G. Bennis and Philip E. Slater. New York, New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, 1968. 147 pp. $4.95.
Maurice E. Voland

Working with Low-Income Families. Francena L. Nolan et al. Washington, D.C.:American Home Economics Association, 1965. 239 pp. $2.00 (paper).
Velma M. McGaugh

Abstracts (pdf)

Career Choice and Career Preparation. William John Schill and Harold Edwin Nichols. Danville, Illinois: The Interstate Printers & Publishers, Inc., 1970. 300 pp. $4.95 (paper).

Community Power Structure: A Study of Decision Makers. Floyd Hunter. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 1953. 297 pp. $1.95 (paper).

Education Law. George M. Johnson. East Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State University Press, 1969. 258 pp. $7.50.

Essential Aspects of Career Planning and Development. J.C. Atherton and Anthony Mumphrey. Danville, Illiniois: The Interstate Printers & Publishers, Inc., 1969. 307 pp. $5.95.

A Handbook of International Relations: A Guide to Terms, Theory and Practice. Jack E. Vincent. Woodbury, New York: Barron's Educational Series, Inc., 1969. 456 pp. $2.95 (paper).

The Higher Learning, the Universities, and the Public. Carl Kaysen. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1969. 85 pp. $1.95 (paper).

Learning Through Games: A New Approach to Problem Solving. Elliot Carlson. Washington, D.C.:Public Affairs Press, 1969. 183 pp. $4.50.

A Modern Dictionary of Sociology. George A. Theodorson and Achilles G. Theodorson. New York, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1969. 469 pp. $2.95 (paper).

Organisation and Bureaucracy: An Analysis of Modern Theories. Nicos P. Mouzelis. Chicago, Illinois: Aldine Publishing Company, 1967. 230 pp. $2.95 (paper).

Power and Poverty: Theory and Practice. Peter Bachrach and Morton S. Baratz. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. 220 pp. $2.50.

Race and Poverty: The Economics of Discrimination. John F. Kain. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1969. 186 pp. $5.95.

Society and Economic Growth: A Behavioral Perspective of Social Change. John H. Kunkel. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. 368 pp. $6.50.

Strategies for Success in Compensatory Education: An Appraisal of Evaluation Research. Edward L. McDill, Mary S. McDill, and J. Timothy Sprehe. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1969. 83 pp. $1.95 (paper).

Teenagers Are People: A New Concept. Dan Komarnicki. New York, New York: Exposition Press, 1968. 145 pp. $4.00.