Fall 1967 // Volume 5 // Number 3

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Note: The articles in this issue are available only online in PDF format. To view them, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer. Acrobat Reader is available for free at http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep.html.

Point of View

Point of View(pdf)
Involve Local Agents?
S. Glenn Ellenberger
Finds Articles Useful
Hazel Taylor Spitze
Recommends Book
Mildred L. Walker
Understanding Statistics
H. L. Ewbank, Jr.
Group Discussion
James W. Matthews
Quality of Education
A. O. Haller
Edward J. Robinson

Feature Articles

Increasing 4-H Impact (pdf)
Emory J. Brown
In today's changing society, organizations must constantly shift and allocate resources to become more effective and efficient. As a viable organization, 4-H must also adapt to the changing environment and find ways to reach a larger clientele and increase membership. The author discusses the decision-making or problem-solving process which an organization can use to adapt to a changing environment, analyzes the changes occurring and their implications for Extension, and suggests alternative strategies that might be adapted to increase the impact of 4-H.

Working Relationships (pdf)
Hoyt M. Warren
As adult educators, we constantly work with people, both within and without an organization. Certain basic principles may serve to guide us in some of our relationships within an organization, as we work with each other. The author discusses some of these, maintaining that although there is probably no single perfect guide for all organizations or individuals, the principles offered may serve as a rather stable reference or guide to more effective action for the Extension worker.

Power Actors and Social Change (pdf)
Ronald C. Powers
In every social system (i.e., family, organization, community) certain persons have the capacity to influence or determine the decisions of others. As Extension moves into new arenas of community-wide educational activities, it is important for staff members to be able to identify these "power actors." The Extension agent or teacher who understands social power and who can identify the community power actors can enhance his chance for success in social action efforts. The author defines concepts of social power, power actor, and community power structure, summarizes research on community power, and gives implications for Extension.

Studying the Low-Income Family (pdf)
Mohammed A. Douglah, Peter F. Roycraft
How do low-income farm families perceive poverty and do they relate themselves to it? Are they satisfied with their present condition? Are they willing to change? In an attempt to answer these questions and gain knowledge about the economic, social, and psychological factors that facilitate or hinder change, a study was made of families in a low-farm-income area of Wisconsin. Findings are discussed and suggestions made for Extension personnel working with low-income families.

Commitment and Job Satisfaction (pdf)
Phyllis E. Kemp
Professional commitment or dedication seems a desirable quality for Cooperative Extension Service personnel. Administrators who hire agents need to be concerned with professional commitment. To help in understanding the relationships of agents in their roles as professionals, a study was made of 99 Kansas home economics agents to determine their professional commitment and job satisfaction. Results of the study are discussed, with implications for Extension.

Measuring Extension's Impact (pdf)
Dan D. M. Ragle, Roger G. Barker, Arthur Johnson
Extension constantly seeks practical methods for measuring and presenting its accomplishments. This study illustrates a new approach to appraising the contributions of an educational agency (the Kansas Agricultural Extension Service) on a single town. The researchers measured quantitatively what the AES contributed to the town environment during one year's time. They illustrate how agents made practical use of the resulting data, and suggest that this kind of analysis should also be useful for surveys made by other county-based agencies.

Research in Brief (pdf)
Mason E. Miller, editor

Disagreement on Extension's Role and Clientele
Ag--But Not on the Farm
An "Extra Hand" for Extension?

Book Reviews (pdf)

Toward a Theory of Instruction. By Jerome S. Bruner, 1966. Available from Harvard University Press, Cambridge, massachusetts. 176pp. $3.95.
J. Cordell Hatch

Learning and Human Abilities (second edition). By Herbert J. Klausmeier and William Goodwin, 1966. Available from Harper &Row, Publishers, 49 E. 33rd St., New York, N.Y. 10016. 720 pp. $8.95.
Loren F. Goyen

Changing Organizations. By Warren G. Bennis, 1966. Available from McGraw-Hill Book Company, 330 West 42nd St., New York, N.Y. 10036. 211 pp. $8.25 (text edition $6.95).
C. Dennis Funk

Socialization after Childhood: Two Essays. By Orville G. Brim, Jr. and Stanton Wheeler, 1966. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third Ave., New York, N.Y. 10016. 116 pp. $4.95; paperback, $2.25.
Fred E. Kohl

Abstracts (pdf)

The Impact of the Social Sciences. Kenneth E. Boulding. 1966. 117 pp. Available from Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey. $3.75.

The Rural Society in Transition. Ernest J. Nesius. 1966. 66 pp. Available from West Virginia Center for Appalachian Studies and Development, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506. $1.50.

If You Talk to Teens: A Source Book for Youth Leaders. Louis O. Caldwell. 1966. 150 pp. Available from Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49506. $2.95.

Analyses of Concept Learning. Edited by Herbert J. Klausmeier and Chester W. Harris. 1966. 272 pp. Available from Academic Press, Inc., Publishers, 111 Fifth Ave., New York, N.Y. 10003. $8.50.

Cultural Frontiers of the Peace Corps. Edited by Robert B. Textor. 1966. 363 pp. Available from The M.I.T. press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142. $6.95.

Social Technology. Olaf Helmer with Theodore Gordon and Bernice Brown. 1966. 108 pp. Available from Basic Books, 404 Park Ave. South, New York, N.Y. 10016. $5.95.

Readings in Anthropology. Edited by Jesse D. Jennings and E. Adamson Hoebel. 1966 (second edition). 489 pp. Available from McGraw -Hill Book Company, 330 West 42nd St., New York, N.Y. 10036. $4.50.

Personalized Supervision: Sources and insights. Louise M. Berman and Mary Lou Usery. 1966. 54 pp. Available from Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, NEA, 1201 Sixteenth St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036. $1.75.

Improving Teaching: The Analysis of Classroom Verbal Interaction. Edmund Amidon and Elizabeth Hunter. 1966. 221 pp. Available from Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 383 Madison Ave., New York, N.Y. 10017. $3.50 (paperback).

Administrative Organization as It Relates to the Cooperative Extension Service. Hoyt M. Warren. 1966. 58 pp. (mimeographed). Available from Cooperative Extension Service, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36830.

Understanding Your Parents. Ernest G. Osborne. 1966. 122 pp. Available from Association Press, 291 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10007. $0.75 (paperback).

Institutional Backgrounds of Adult Education. Edited by R. J. Ingham. 1966. 115 pp. Available from Center for the Study of Liberal Education for Adults, 138 Mountfort St., Brookline, Massachusetts 02146. $2.00.

Educational Games and Activities. Guy Wagner et al. 1966. 156 pp. Available from Teachers Publishing Corporation, 23 Leroy Ave., Darien, Connecticut 06820. $3.50 (paperback).

Approaches to Organizational Design. Edited by James D. Thompson. 1966. 223 pp. Available from University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213. $3.95.